Nem (sequer) o Pedro fez nada para me ajudar/tinha lido nenhum livro. . points Semantic and pragmatic issues Telmo Móia Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal take advantage of the philosopher Brentano’s hypothesis according to which . 29 jul. Bibliografia sobre a imigração e colonização alemã no Rio Grande do Sul Cyanna Missaglia de Fochesatto* Rosangela Cristina Ribeiro. El libro erotico de los Gallegos: La Joseiada San Telmo & Montserrat, Casco Historico de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires Goldwyn Franck-Brentano, Frantz.
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Jucker University of Zurich, Eng Volume 1 Edited by K. Jaszczolt and Ken Turner. Grammar, Comparative and general. Turner, Ken, III. John Benjamins Publishing Co. Further considerations on modality, clitics and discourse A. Capone Evidentiality Inferred evidence: Language-specific properties and universal constraints Sergei Tatevosov Extension of meaning: Firstly, we would like to express our thanks to the Conference Secretary Marilyn Dowling for her invaluable help with organizing the conference at Newnham College, Cambridge of which this volume is an outcome.
To Patrick Welche we are grateful for designing and maintaining the conference web site. Our thanks also go to Heather Wynn for her administrative assistance. The co-opted members of the Programme Committee, Robyn Carston and Victoria Escandell-Vidal contributed their excellent work selecting conference contributions: To Elsevier Science we are grateful for their sponsorship of a social event accompanying the conference.
We would also like to thank Newnham College at Cambridge for hosting the conference and all the College staff for their contribution to the tremendous success of the event.
Last but not least, our gratitude goes to Isja Conen of J.
Benjamins for her encouragement and invaluable editorial assistance. Jaszczolt and Ken Turner This collection brings together livvro papers from the Second International Conference in Contrastive Semantics and Pragmatics that took place in Cambridge from 11 to 13 September and was organized by the editors. There is a conspicuous shift of emphasis from speech-act based studies predominant in the past to semantics-based approaches, of the truth-conditional brentao cognitive orientation.
Furthermore, this collection testifies to the growing importance of diachronic analysis. There are numerous contributions in the category of historical semantics and pragmatics and for those, predictably, grammaticalization is the focal object of research. The contrastive, cross-linguistic perspective proves to brentaon a successful way of researching historical processes in that it sheds more light on the universality and language-relativity of aspects of language change see e.
The generally acknowledged return to studies of word meaning is corroborated in te,mo collection in the papers that approach the lexicon from the cognitive perspective or the perspective of a generative lexicon, frequently through the felmo of electronic lexical databases see e.
The role of information structure for truth conditions is the cutting edge of contemporary semantic research. This avenue is also represented in the collection see e. Descending to more detailed shifts of emphasis, the noun phrase seems to be gradually giving way to the studies of the verbal phenomena such as modality, tense, aspect and voice.
These topics are numerously and strongly represented see e.
Jaszczolt and Ken Turner The discussion of the boundary between semantics and pragmatics has also undergone various changes of emphasis and style. In the s, sense-generality and pragmatic inference were brought to the fore see e. Subsequent developments of the idea of underspecification see e. The predominance of semantic analyses strongly suggests that i contrasting meaning in various natural languages requires firm foundations, strict modelling and some degree of formalization; ii both a cognitive semantics and b Tarskian, post-Montagovian semantics supplemented with post-Gricean pragmatics tslmo more productive than the offshoots of brentqno ordinary language philosophy.
Finally, to address the empiricism-rationalism dilemma, it can be observed that inferring from quantitative analyses and supporting theories by unquantified data constitute equally successful directions in semantic and pragmatic research. Journal of Semantics, 15, 1—3. Journal of Pragmatics, 34, — Discourse, Beliefs, and Intentions: Semantic Defaults and Propositional Attitude Ascription. Contrastive Semantics and Pragmatics, 2 volumes. From Discourse to Logic: Ambiguity and idiosyncratic interpretation.
Journal of Semantics, 15, 5— Semantic Ambiguity and Underspecification. The typology of determiners defined by Chierchia is taken as a starting point, and it is tested against new data. Several shortcomings are highlighted. In particular, it is shown that some determiners are sensitive to differences among members of the class of uncountable nouns, and that the distribution of a number of singular determiners cannot brentsno captured by restricting their domain of quantification to all and only singular countable nouns.
The issue This paper discusses restrictions in the distribution and interpretation of negative determiners in English, Italian and French. We take the typology of determiners defined by Chierchia as our starting point, and we test it against new data.
In Chierchia a unique lattice model is built for the denotation of brnetano and uncountable nouns, under the name of Inherent Plurality Hypothesis. The main thesis of this unified analysis of nouns is that mass nouns differ from count ones only insofar as they come out of the lexicon with plurality already built in. A singular countable noun is associated with a set of atoms, and the set-forming operator PL is used to enable us to talk about sets of them. The basic lexical entry of a mass noun does not single out the set of atoms, but a sublattice.
In this case, the difference between singular and plural is neutralised, for the noun applies equally to atoms and sets thereof. The atomic texture is foregrounded in countable nouns, as by definition its extension singles out a set of atoms. On the contrary, in uncountable nouns this structure is present but only implicitly.
This gives one a single structure for describing the denotation of countable and mass nouns. This unified model is then used by Chierchia to analyse the distribution of determiners. The structure of the paper is as follows. We will first look at the case of the English unrestricted determiner no, then at the singular Italian determiner nessuno no together with French aucun no.
Then, determiner-like uses of Italian niente no will be discussed. Finally, this type of occurrence of niente will be contrasted with uses of nessuno-phrases in verbless clauses. Unrestricted determiners The standard definition ,ivro the English determiner temo in Generalized Quantifier Theory is as in 1. In contrast, in the case of the, another unrestricted determiner, the same variation has a broader impact.
There is a uniqueness presupposition when this determiner combines with a singular noun, and a presupposition that there be more than one element when it combines with a plural noun. Chierchia ascribes to Schwarzschild the claim that a theory of plurality which uses set theory gives the wrong results in the case of 1.
For a sentence such brdntano no men lifted the piano, such an analysis would require that no men did, but leave open the possibility that single men did. Similar considerations apply for cases where no combines with a lirvo noun. In sum, if the head noun of the quantified NP is singular and count, as in 2the proposition will be false when a student hit a lorry, but it should also turn out to be false when a group of students does.
Similarly, 3 is expected to be false also when a single student hit the lorry. The two sentences are truth conditionally equivalent, and sentence 4for instance, is contradictory.
In this way, 2 and 3 are accounted for as well as the fact that no works on uncountable, see 6 and 7. As a short aside, note that Chierchia touches only very briefly on the distinction between concrete and abstract mass nouns.
It is as if information provided by morphological number were no longer available at the level of the quantified NP. Actually, Delfitto goes as far as claiming that the difference in number in a no-phrase is devoid of any interpretive import. However, there is some evidence supporting the interpretive relevance of morphological number in unrestricted negative determiners such as no.
First, it is llivro that no combines with singular and plural count nouns, but it is also true that the resulting quantified NPs are not always free alternates. A second case where number differences cannot be claimed to be devoid of interpretive import has to do with the individuation of references and presupposition. Consider examples 10 — On the contrary, 11 cannot be used to deny brentaho running of a single train, and although livrl may be taken to presuppose the existence of trains, as it is the case for the restrictor of a generalised quantifier, it does not impose requirements with respect to their identification.
A third case is about coreference and discourse anaphora. Consider the sentences in No students attended the meeting.
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No student attended the meeting. Each of them had something else to do. All of them had something else to do.
The anaphoric link established tekmo the quantified NP in the second clause cannot be resolved if no coreference can be established with respect to the denotation of the N in the quantified NP in the first clause. In 12a coreference does not seem to be possible, whereas it does in 12b, c. This variation in acceptability confirms the observation that number remains visible. Only no Nsingular gives access to the set of individual students, which is the restricted complement of the denotation of the quantified NP.
Finally, no-phrases behave differently with respect to collective predicates, as shown in Distributional restrictions on negative determiners 13 a. No students gathered in the courtyard.
Meaning of “dúctil” in the Portuguese dictionary
Singular determiners Not all negative determiners are unrestricted. Some of them exhibit restrictions related to the structure of the domain.
brenatno The class of singular determiners gathers together determiners that require a domain composed only of atoms. Chierchia defines the function SG to check whether a predicate foregrounds a set of atoms or not. SG maps each possible noun denotation into its presupposed singularities. Therefore, since SG A is undefined if A is the denotation of a mass noun, SG works as a tool for setting apart countable from uncountable nouns.
The function SG acts as domain regulator for determiners according to the schema in 14aabbreviated as 14b. It sets apart singular from plural countable nouns. Using S, one can capture the distribution of determiners such as the English every, classified as an instance of singular determiner and defined as follows.