Udhezim_dt_29_12__Nr_zhvillimin-e-provimeve-tÃ«- xpng · kumbulla-pertej-murit-thumbnail-keshillaxjpg. Ernest Koliqi – Kumbulla përtej murit. Ai s’dinte, as nuk donte n’at ças, me pa qartas ndër ndiesina të veta të ndërlikueme. Lëshohej me. THE HISTORY OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE – Discovery. 1h22m 4K. Ottoman Empire [more videos]. Koliqi-Kumbulla përtej murit 1 (Matura) [Klasa. 8m
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Ottoman Empire — Afterthe Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans the Ottoman Beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire.
The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror, at the beginning of the 17th century the empire contained 32 provinces and numerous vassal states. Some of these were later absorbed into the Ottoman Empire, while others were granted various types of autonomy during the course of centuries.
With Constantinople as its capital and control of lands around the Mediterranean basin, while the empire was once thought to have entered a period of decline following the death of Suleiman the Magnificent, this view is no longer supported by the majority of academic historians.
The empire continued to maintain a flexible and strong economy, society, however, during a long period of peace from tothe Ottoman military system fell behind that of their European rivals, the Habsburg and Russian Empires. While the Empire was able to hold its own during the conflict, it was struggling with internal dissent.
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Starting before World War I, but growing increasingly common and violent during it, major atrocities were committed by the Ottoman government against the Armenians, Pergej and Pontic Greeks. The word Ottoman is an anglicisation of the name of Osman I. In Western Europe, the two names Pdrtej Empire and Turkey were often used interchangeably, with Turkey being increasingly favored both in formal and informal situations and this dichotomy was officially ended in —23, when the newly established Ankara-based Turkish government chose Turkey as the sole official name.
Most scholarly historians avoid the terms Turkey, Turks, and Turkish when referring to the Ottomans, as the power of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum declined mkrit the 13th century, Mmurit was divided into a patchwork of independent Turkish principalities known as the Anatolian Beyliks. One of these beyliks, in the region of Bithynia on the frontier of the Iumbulla Empire, was led by the Turkish tribal leader Osman, osmans early followers consisted both of Turkish tribal groups and Byzantine renegades, many but not all converts to Islam.
Osman extended the control of his principality by conquering Byzantine towns along the Sakarya River and it is not well understood how the early Ottomans came to dominate their neighbours, due to the scarcity of the sources which survive from this period.
One school of thought which was popular during the twentieth century argued that the Ottomans achieved success by rallying religious warriors to pertrj for them in the name of Islam, in the century after the death of Osman I, Ottoman rule began to extend over Anatolia and the Balkans. Osmans son, Orhan, captured the northwestern Anatolian city of Bursa in and this conquest meant the loss of Byzantine control over northwestern Anatolia.
The important city of Thessaloniki was captured from the Venetians inthe Ottoman victory at Kosovo in effectively marked the end of Serbian power in the region, paving the way for Ottoman expansion into Europe. It has a population of 3. The country has a coastline on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea, the Adriatic Sea to mmurit west.
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In antiquity, the area of Albania was home to several Illyrian, Thracian. The following year, a socialist Peoples Republic was established under the leadership of Enver Hoxha, Albania experienced widespread social and political transformations in the communist era, as well as isolation from much of the international community. Inthe Socialist Republic was dissolved and the Republic of Albania was established, Albania is a democratic and developing country with an upper-middle income economy.
The service sector dominates the economy, followed by the industrial. After the fall of communism in Albania, Free-market reforms have opened the country to foreign investment, murt in the development of energy, Albania has a high HDI and provides universal health care system and free primary and secondary education to its citizens.
It is home to the largest lake in Southern Europe and one of the oldest lakes in Europe, Albania is the Medieval Latin name of the country. The name may have a continuation in the name of a settlement called Albanon and Arbanon.
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Italy — Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino, Italy covers an area ofkm2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate and Mediterranean climate.
Due to its shape, it is referred to in Italy as lo Stivale.
With 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth most populous EU member state, the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom, which eventually became a republic that conquered and assimilated other nearby civilisations. The legacy of the Roman Empire is widespread and can be observed in the distribution of civilian law, republican governments, Christianity.
The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science, exploration, Italian culture flourished at this time, producing famous scholars, artists and polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo, Michelangelo and Machiavelli. The weakened sovereigns soon fell victim to conquest by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
Despite being one of the victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil. Today, Italy has the third largest economy in the Eurozone and it has a very high level of human development and is ranked sixth in the world for life expectancy.
The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and diplomatic affairs, as a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to 51 World Heritage Sites, the most in the world, and is the fifth most visited country. The bull was a symbol of the southern Italic tribes and was often depicted goring the Roman wolf as a defiant symbol of free Italy during the Social War.
Greek historian Dionysius of Halicarnassus states this account together with the legend that Italy was named after Italus, mentioned also by Aristotle and Thucydides. The name Italia originally applied only to a part of what is now Southern Italy — according to Antiochus of Syracuse, but by his time Oenotria and Italy had become synonymous, and the name also applied to most of Lucania as well. The Greeks gradually came to apply the name Italia to a larger region, excavations throughout Italy revealed a Neanderthal presence dating back to the Palaeolithic period, someyears ago, modern Humans arrived about 40, years ago.
Other ancient Italian peoples of undetermined language families but of possible origins include the Rhaetian people and Cammuni. Also the Phoenicians established colonies on the coasts of Sardinia and Sicily, the Roman legacy has deeply influenced the Western civilisation, shaping most of the modern world.
Ernest Koliqi — was an Albanian writer, literary scholar, journalist, translator, teacher and politician. The important oumbulla of Thessaloniki was captured from the Venetians inthe Ottoman victory at Kosovo in effectively marked the end of Serbian power in the muriit, paving the way for Ottoman expansion into Europe 2.