Dąbrowski called his work the Theory of Positive Disintegration to reflect the central and positive role disintegration plays in development. He believed that some. Describes Kazimierz Dąbrowski’s theory of positive disintegration: A theory of personality development. The basic concepts of Dąbrowski’s Theory of Positive Disintegration. In W. Tillier ( Ed.), Perspectives on the self: Proceedings of the Second Biennial Conference.

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I don’t want to change. Sensitive persons can certainly have mood disorders, but dabroski not be mistaken for being chronically depressed only because of a pessimistic view of the future of the world or of their own abilities a pessimism which may well be accurate, as in the case of depressive realism.

Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 31 3 These vertical conflicts are critical in leading to autonomy and advanced personality growth.

Here, prosocial is a genuine cultivation of social interactions based on higher values. The third aspect of developmental potential, the third factor, is a drive towards individual growth and autonomy. The dabrwoski of inner psychic transformation gain in intensity and authenticity cf.

During this phase, existential despair is the predominant emotion.

If the person is to achieve higher levels, the shift to multilevelness must occur. At this highest level, one’s behaviour is guided by conscious, carefully weighed decisions based upon an individualized and chosen hierarchy of personal values.

The prominent features of this level are initial, brief, and often intense crises. This broad usage encompasses both malignant criminals and upstanding citizens who blindly and uncritically follow every social precept. For example, our emphasis on corporate success “a dog eat dog mentality” means that many CEOs operate on the basis of first factor—they will quickly sacrifice another to enhance their own advancement.


These personal value ideals become the personality ideal: A fairly high degree of primary integration is present in the average person; a very high degree of primary integration is present in the psychopath. Developmental potential represents a constellation of genetic features, expressed and mediated through environmental interaction. Behaviour conforms to this inner standard of how life “ought” to be lived and thus, little inner conflict arises in one’s life.

The book is available here: The appendix is titled: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Conflicts on the same level horizontal produce ambitendencies and ambivalences: Journal of Jungian Theory and Practice.

Although based in the nervous system, overexcitabilities are expressed psychologically through the development of structures that reflect the emerging self. Level II is a transitional period. This opportunity presents both creative possibilities and risks to the developing self. One’s disagreements with the lower level world are expressed compassionately in doing what one can to posktive achieve the “ought.

The rote dabrowsmi of social values yields pozitive a critically examined and chosen hierarchy of values and aims that becomes a unique expression of the self — becoming one’s personality ideal. When her parents discussed with her the possibility of moving to another class or another school, she replied: He called these factors developmental potential and they include a description of psychological sensitivity he called overexcitability OE.

Many of the status quo explanations for the “way things are,” learned through education and from the social order, collapse under conscious, individual scrutiny.

In some cases, a person begins to notice and to imagine ‘higher possibilities’ in life. Especially at Level V, problem solving and art represent the highest and noblest features of human life.


Dąbrowski’s Theory of Positive Disintegration and its Relevance For the Gifted.

Thus the person finds a ‘cure’ for himself, not in the sense of a rehabilitation but rather in the sense of reaching a higher level than the one at which he was prior to disintegration.

Emotional development, intellectual ability, and gender. Almost as a rule, these factors are related to increased mental excitability, depressions, dissatisfaction with oneself, feelings of inferiority and guilt, states of anxiety, inhibitions, and ambivalences – all symptoms which the psychiatrist tends to label psychoneurotic.

The most important of these conceptualizations are dynamisms, biological or mental forces that control behaviour and its development. Often, human suffering and sacrifice are the subjects of these works. Many of the “status quo” explanations for the “way things are,’ learned through education and from the social order, collapse under conscious, individual scrutiny.

The character of Level II is reflected in its name: Psychological basis of self-mutilation. These vertical conflicts initially arise from involuntary perceptions of higher versus lower choices in life.

This vertical view influences a person’s developing value structure and all events come to be seen in relation to personal ideals.

Positive disintegration

As well, our educational, political, corporate, and media systems are self-promoting and discourage real examination or individual autonomy—the second factor. A theoretical and empirical approach to the study of development. The dynamics of concepts. Career counseling for the gifted.

The isolation often experienced by these young people heightens the risks of self-harm see note five.