Alankara, also referred to as palta or alankaram, is a concept in Indian classical music and —Natya Shastra Bharata Muni ( BCE CE). Here are . Search found 2 books and stories containing Alamkarashastra, Alaṃkāraśāstra, Alaṃkāra-śāstra, Alankarashastra or Alankara-shastra. You can also click to the. Alankara Sastra Parichiti. Mishra, Bhabagrahi and Mishra, Santilata () Alankara Sastra Parichiti. Friends Publishers, Cuttack.

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We see it mentioned in his definition of Nataka, as also the Laksana under the name Vibhusana, as quoted by Raghavabhatta in his commentary on the Sakuntala. This Varta is a sweet complement or word of welcome or enquiry on the occasion of the arrival of a worthy guest.

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Garhana is included here by AG. In these and the other studies in this book, I have, on the basis of saxtra detailed, historical survey of the concepts as dev’eloped by the several Sanskrit Alahkarikas, en- deavoured to understand and interpret their underlying ideas and the value of these for the art and appreciation of literature.

As has been explained sastrw the opening part of this chapter, it is the several ways of expressing ideas which are to convey the Rasa that are called Alahkaras. It is needless to add that Mallinatha is of less help here. As one w ho cares for the greater virtues of good poetry in general, he says that he accepts such composition as possesses those good qualities.

Bhavabhuti was as great a master with the words ; surely the delicate and charming effects are easy alanlara achievement for him when they are needed ; but he discovered the sound effects required for the Raudra and Bibhatsa Rasas ; what he created, others still live upon. Those who do not naturally get Kumbhakonam Alajkara. This attitude is very logical, since many of the Laksapas are either Alahkaras or Bhavas. He casts off the old names which have geographi- cal associations, dead for a long time, and forges new nomenclature on the basis of a fundamental classification of the manners of expression, on the basis of the more prevail- ing tendencies among masters in Sanskrit literature.


In chapter 17, he gives a list of 36 Laksanas and defines each. Music and Musical Thought in Early India. It is very difficult to combine these virtues sastrra but when one achieves it, he is a great writer indeed.

Thank you so much. About the Book The present treatise is a thoroughly re-written and enlarged, revised and up-to-date redaction alahkara the renowned author’s original Ph. Schopenhauer has an essay on Authorship and Style, where, while dealing with the latter subject, he gives certain concrete good features of a good style of writing, judged to be good by reason of the pre- sence of those features. Here is an appropriate Utpreksa, one in perfect consonance with the sentiment ; Kalidasa has heightened alanakra Rasa by it.

Really Dandin belongs to the Alarhkara school, much more than Bhamaha.

From these verses of Bhamaha on the two styles, we can gather that in his time, some writers had held the Vaidarbhi as the better style and the Gaud! This page was last edited on 17 Decemberat If poetry is a criticism of life, Anyapades’a is poetry above all other types.

We are not called upon to pronounce either manner absolutely better than the other The last sentence here echoes Bhamaha’s attitude towards the distinction of style into Vaidarbhl and GaudI and the claim of superiority for the former. To understand how constant is this pre-occupation of good writers, even where its results are least obstrusive, it is only necessary to turn to the bad. Abhinava adopts shades of each view and gives his own definite idea of Laksana, which itself takes conclusive shape only as he proceeds further and further.


This portion of the Natya S’astra has two recensions, even as the portions on metres and Gunas. Kavi-Karnapura’s Contribution 52 All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info exoticindia. In Sanskrit; Calcutta University medallistM. Pratiharendu no doubt offers some comments alakara the illustration but what a far cry from the great concept of aesthetics that Bhavika is to him ssatra to what is said to be illustrated in this verse!


Alaṅkāra-śāstra – Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

Beauty of Upamana and Upameya 33 4. Sahityasara of Sarves’vara, a work Madras MS. He however defined Riti as Padaracana, but qualified it with the word Visdsta. I’ve just received the shawl and love it already!! Among those Laksanas of the Upajati list which” are not common to the Anustubh list also, there are yet and seven, which are not taken at all. The Natakacandrika, an unpublished work on Drama, criticises the Sahityadarpana and follows the Rasar- navasudhakara as regards the 36 Laksanas.

Rupaka in relation to Grammar Chapter VI: A, verse on the difference between Svabhavokti and Arthavyakti. In Laksattas, Vis’vanatha has a qlankara one called instead of of the Anustubh list. What is this Bhavikatva? I, Part 1, p. Not poetry, but the imitation thereof, was being assiduously produced. There does not seem to be alsnkara ‘ Gaek. These do not do violence to the sense and at the same time add to the charm of the diction.

When the figurative devi- ation from the ordinary mode of speaking is scrutinized, it is found that, in some cases, the deviation is more than in other cases.

He calls them Natyalankara. Oh how I wished that other businesses in India would learn to alankata the same!

University of Chicago Press. A perusal of this thought-provoking book will certainly be rewarding. As belonging to the body of poetry, Laksana is on a par with Alankara with this difference: The Sahgitaraja of king Kumbhakarna dealt with the Laksanas.

Stevenson What is Art? That which is adorned by an Alankara is the Rasa.